road from Jacobabad to Sibi and on through the Bolan Pass until it reaches
Quetta passes through the inhospitable Kacchi desert and the Brahui mountain
range. The Bolan Pass was the original access into India, until superseded
by the Khyber Pass, and provided a trade route to Central Asian merchants
and Afghani traders.
|The Bolan Pass 1838|
entrance to this important pass, is about half a mile wide, over a perfectly
stony road, along the bed of the Kanhee or BolaiX River, which winds through
the valley, varying materially in width. On each side are mountains, partially
formed of pudding-stone, of a dull brown colour, in some places full a thousand
feet in height. Some parts are covered with grass alternating with high
rushes and reeds, whilst other presented only a surface of absolute sterility.
Near the small village of Kirta, the pass widens to an extent of three or
four miles, and is in possession of a Belochee chief'.
'The Sin Bolan, or head of the Bolan stream, is near the termination of the pass, beyond which is the mouth of a most picturesque defile, overhung by dark and rugged cliffs. The pass then spreads out into a much wider space, covered with southern-wood, when narrowing again, after a further march of about two miles, its gorge opens on to a barren plain in Affghanistan. The army was eight days crossing the pass, its length being eighty-three miles.'
|Mountains at Kirta near Bolan Pass, 1841|
|Village of Kirta, Bolan Pass, 1857|