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Multan
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Noticed by the early seventh century Buddhist traveller Hieun Tsang in 641 A.D., Multan for many decades remained a town better known for its ivory dealers and coppersmiths, whose shops flanked a temple containing richly bejewelled idols. Notwithstanding the conquest of Multan by Muhammad bin Qasim and subsequently by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1005 and subsequently by Timur in 1398, Multan did not acquire the overtly Islamic identity it has today until the emperor Aurangzeb ordered the demolition of the idols.
Multan was ruled during the 18th century by the Sadozai Afghans who were supplanted by the Sikhs from northern Punjab under Ranjit Singh. Sawan Mal was appointed Governor on his behalf in 1829. His son Mulraj, embroiled more by circumstance than by conspiracy, was held responsible for the murder of Mr. P. A. Vans Agnew and Lieut. W. A. Anderson in April 1848 and thereby invoked the punitive intervention by the British in January 1849, an event which led ultimately to the finality of the annexation of the Punjab.

Troops crossing the Ravi near Multan, 1848
Fort of Multan from west, 1848
South view of Eidgah, Multan, 1848
Eidgah, Multan, 1849
Stroming the Mundee Awa,1848
Stroming the Mundee Awa,1848
Mundee Awa, Multan,,1848
Battery breaching the Delhi gate, Multan, 1849
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Battery breaching the Delhi gate, Multan, 1849
Explosion of Powder magazine, Multan, 1849
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