majority of Pakistan?s population lives along the Indus River valley
and along an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi/Islamabad
the official language of Pakistan is Urdu, it is spoken as a first
language by only nine percent of the population; 48 percent speak
Punjabi, 12 percent Sindhi, and 27 percent speak other languages
(including Pushtu, Saraiki, Baloch, Brahui). Urdu, Punjabi, Pushtu
and Baloch are Indo-European languages; Brahui is believed to have
Dravidian (pre-Indo-European) origins. English is widely used within
the government, the military and in many institutions of higher
population of Pakistan has a life expectancy at birth of 55.9 years
(55 for males, and 56.8 for females), according to May 2000 World
Health Organization figures. Pakistan has an infant mortality rate
of 91.86 deaths/1,000 live births. In terms of literacy, 24.4 percent
of the female population and 50 percent of the male population,
age 15 and over, can read and write.
Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite of three basic components
of human development: longevity, knowledge and standard of living.
(For a complete overview of the index and its methodology, please
see Appendix C.) The HDI 2000 places Pakistan in the lower part
of the medium human development category on a 135th place with an
overall score of 0.522. Like its South Asian neighbors, Pakistan?s
highest score is found on the life expectancy index (0.66), while
it scores 0.44 on the education index, and 0.47 on the GDP index.