Mosque Wazir Khan is famous for its outstanding beauty and
elegance. It was built by Hakim Illum-ud-Din Ansari a renowned
physician who rose to the position of a Wazir (Minister) and
later the Governor of the Punjab, in the reign of Shahjahan.
He earned the title of Wazir Khan.
mosque was built by him in 1643 A.D. It is one of the most
decorative structures in Pakistan with delicate tile inlay,
floral patterns, superb calligraphy in mosaic and improved
is a marvellous specimen of tile work and the building is
entirely covered with arabesque painting in tile mosaic. The
floral patterns which have been used extensively on the walls,
the arches and on the interior of the domes, are superb examples
of decoration in Persian Style.
mosque in fact presents a unique phase of the art of decoration
in the Mughal architecture, which is known as variegated glazed
tile and mosaic work. Cypress as a decorative design in enamelled
mosaic work appears for the very first time in this mosque.
completion of the mosque Wazir Khan may be said to close the
chapter of this particular style of Mughal architecture at
Lahore. Later attempts such as the golden mosque of Bikhari
Khan and the palace and tomb of Khan Bahadur, at Begumpura,
only prove how architectural taste fell of the empire, and
became a mongrel style, that is half Muslim and Half Hindu.
mosque has been built on a raised platform which is approached
by a flight of steps. The building has been divided into five
compartments, each opening upon the spacious courtyard and
is surmounted by a dome. A high minaret has been fixed at
each corner of the quadrangle, which offers excellent views
of the city.